Shipping and freight
forwarding glossary

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Term Definition
E-commerce E-commerce is the act of selling and buying services and goods online. E-commerce businesses typically use the internet to process orders and payments and manage customer relationships. They may also sell products and services through their websites or third-party marketplaces.
EDI Electronic Data Interchange is what EDI stands for. It is the electronic exchange of data between two organizations or systems. Typically, EDI is used to send purchase orders, invoices, and other types of documents. EDI quickens order processing and responses to client orders instead of manually replying to customer orders via fax or email.
EDIFACT EDIFACT is a standardized method of electronic data interchange amongst businesses. It is defined as “a set of internationally agreed standards, directories, and guidelines for the electronic interchange of structured data, between independent computerized information systems.”
Edscha Trailer An Edscha Trailer is a semi-trailer used for transporting goods, and the bode is covered with a tarp. The tarp can be slid forward or backward like curtains at the side and the entire roof. This means that the truck can be loaded from the side and the top with cranes. The company produces a variety of trailers, including those for carrying livestock, construction materials, and other types of cargo.
Electronic Kanban The electronic Kanban system is a decentralized control system that uses electronic technology based on the fetch principle. This system can aid in swiftly removing obstacles or bottlenecks. Containers (also known as Kanban containers) or Kanban cards are used in warehouses equipped with an electronic Kanban system to control the flow of materials. These Kanban cards function as a traditional product identification method and have the benefit of requiring the electronic data on the card (kanban) to be delivered to initiate the following delivery.
Electric Pallet Truck An electric pallet truck is a motorized hand truck used to move heavy loads on pallets. The electric pallet truck has a pallet jack used to lift and move the pallet. The electric pallet truck is powered by a battery, which makes it easy to move heavy loads.
Electric Stacker An electric stacker is a powered industrial truck to lift and move heavy loads. Electric stackers are used in various settings, including warehouses, factories, and construction sites. These trucks are equipped with forks that allow them to lift and move pallets and other heavy loads.
Electronic Export Declaration An electronic export declaration is a document required for exporting goods valued at more than 1000 euros to a non-EU country. The document provides information about the shipment to the Census Bureau and other government agencies.
Electronic Product Code An Electronic Product Code (EPC) is a particular identification number that tracks individual items throughout the supply chain from manufacture to sale. Each EPC consists of a 96-bit number encoded in a tag or label attached to the item. The EPC can be read by special RFID scanners and is used to track the item as it moves through the supply chain.
Empty Leg Journey An empty leg journey occurs when the recipient is not found during the collection or delivery period, which makes the trip unsuccessful.
End-to-End Logistics End-to-end logistics is managing the entire supply chain from start to finish. This includes everything from sourcing and procurement to transportation and distribution. The goal of end-to-end logistics is to optimize the flow of goods and information across the supply chain to improve efficiency and reduce costs.
Enterprise Application Integration (EAI) Enterprise application integration (EAI) is a software architecture that enables disparate applications within an organization to communicate with each other and share data. EAI provides a single, unified view of information that is distributed across multiple applications and systems. It is often used to improve the efficiency of business processes by eliminating the need for manual data entry and duplication.
Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) Enterprise resource planning is a type of company management software that allows businesses to use a linked application system to manage the business and automate back office functions. ERP software typically integrates all aspects of an organization, including product planning, development, manufacturing, sales and marketing, financials, human resources, and more.
Entity, legal A legal entity is any business or organization that has a legal existence. This can include corporations, partnerships, limited liability companies, and other businesses. A legal entity can also be a government entity or a non-profit organization.
Entry Summary Declaration An entry summary declaration is a declaration made by an importer or exporter to the relevant customs authority, providing details of the goods being shipped. The declaration includes information such as the description, value, and quantity of the goods and the shipment’s origin and destination.
Environmental Protection Environmental protection is preserving the natural environment by individuals, organizations, and governments. Its goals are to reduce human environmental impact and protect and restore natural habitats and ecosystems.
EORI EORI means Economic Operator Registration and Identification. It is a unique number assigned to businesses registered with customs in the European Union (EU). The number is used to track goods shipments and identify companies in customs declarations.
EPAL EPAL is a pallet exchange system that allows companies to exchange empty pallets with other companies to reduce waste and increase efficiency. EPAL pallets are made of high-quality wood and are designed to last for years.
Equipment Interchange Receipt (EIR) An Equipment Interchange Receipt (EIR) is paperwork that accompanies a piece of equipment when it is exchanged between two parties. The document includes information about the equipment, such as a description, serial number, and value. It also provides information about the exchange, such as the date, time, and location.
ERP System ERP stands for Enterprise Resource Planning. ERP system is a software application used to manage an organization’s day-to-day business activities. It covers various aspects like Finance, HR, Sales, Marketing, Supply Chain, Manufacturing, etc.
ERTMS ERTMS means European Rail Traffic Management System. It is a set of standards for managing rail traffic in Europe, developed by the European Railway Agency.
Estimated Price An estimated price is a calculation of what the price of something is likely to be based on market conditions, previous sales, and other factors.
Estimated Time of Arrival (ETA) Estimated Time of Arrival (ETA) is a term used to describe the anticipated time that a vehicle, ship, or plane will arrive at a specific destination.
Estimated Time of Completion (ETC) The estimated time of completion (ETC) is a forecast of activities relating to the loading or unloading of goods to be completed.
Estimated Time of Departure (ETD) Estimated Time of Departure (ETD) is the estimated time that a ship, aircraft, or other vehicles will leave a specified port or point of origin.
Estimated Time of Sailing (ETS) The estimated time of sailing (ETS) is when a ship will leave port. ETS and ETD are equivalent since they show when a specific transport system departs from a station or port. ETD is used for all forms of transportation, but ETS is solely used for maritime transit.
EUR1 Certificate An EUR1 Certificate is an official document that certifies that goods being exported to certain countries within the European Union (EU) originate from the UK or another country within the EU. This document is also known as a Movement Certificate EUR1.
Euro Pallets A Euro pallet is a wooden pallet commonly used in Europe for shipping goods. Euro pallets are typically made of pine or spruce. Euro pallets are often used in conjunction with Euro containers, which are shipping containers designed to fit on top of a Euro pallet.
European Train Control System (ETCS) The European Train Control System (ETCS) is a signaling and control component of the European Rail Traffic Management System (ERTMS). It is a replacement for various legacy train control systems used throughout Europe. ETCS is designed to increase safety and efficiency on European railways by providing a single, interoperable train control system.
Europool Pallet A Europool Pallet is a pallet that is used to transport goods within Europe. It is a standardized pallet that many European companies use.
Ex Works (EXW) Ex Works (EXW) is a trade term indicating that the product seller is responsible for making the goods available at their premises. The buyer is responsible for arranging transportation away from the seller’s property and paying for the goods.
Expected Time of Arrival (ETA) The Expected Time of Arrival (ETA) is the amount of time estimated to pass between the start of a journey and the arrival at the destination. This can be used to estimate how long a journey will take or to calculate when someone is likely to arrive at a given location.
Expected Time of Departure (ETD) Expected Time of Departure (ETD) is the time at which a particular journey start .it has the same meaning as Estimated Time of Departure.
Export Export refers to sending goods or services from one country to another. The term can also refer to taking goods or services from one country for sale in another.
Exporter An exporter is a company that ships goods to customers in other countries. Exporters typically have a network of agents and distributors in the target market and work with shipping companies to get their products to customers.
Express Delivery Express delivery is a type of shipping that guarantees delivery of a package within a certain number of days or hours. Some companies offer express delivery for an additional fee, while others include it as part of their standard shipping options. Express delivery is often used for time-sensitive items, such as food or medicine.
Express Freight Express freight is a type of shipping in which goods are transported by air, rail, or road faster than usual. This type of freight is often used for goods that need to be delivered quickly.
Express Shipping Express shipping is a type of shipping that guarantees your package will arrive at its destination within a certain amount of time. This kind of shipping is usually more expensive than standard shipping, but it is worth it if you need it to arrive quickly.

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