Shipping and freight
forwarding glossary

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Term Definition
Rack A rack is a frame or stand on which goods or boxes are usually stored in warehouses or storage facilities.
Real-time Real-time logistics refers to a system where information about the movement of goods is available as it happens. This information can be used to track the location of goods and manage and optimize the supply chain.
Rear Loading Rear loading means that goods are only loaded and unloaded from the rear of the transport vehicle.
Readiness to Deliver The phrase “readiness to deliver” typically refers to a company’s ability to meet customer demands promptly and efficiently. This can include having the necessary inventory on hand, having the proper staff, and having efficient processes and systems to fulfill orders.
Reefer Containers Refrigerated containers, also known as reefers, are intermodal containers that transport temperature-sensitive cargo. Reefers are equipped with an internal refrigeration unit that can be used to maintain the cargo at a specific temperature.
Refrigerated Goods Refrigerated goods are goods that need to be stored in a fridge or freezer to stay fresh. This includes food, drinks, and some medical supplies. Refrigerated goods must be stored in a fridge or freezer because they will spoil if not kept cool.
Refrigerated Transport Refrigerated transport is a type of shipping in which goods are kept below ambient temperature and transported with specially designed temperature-controlled trucks. This type of transport is often used for perishable goods, such as food and pharmaceuticals.
Refrigerated Trucks Refrigerated trucks are also known as reefer trucks. Refrigerated trucks have refrigerated and insulated compartments that store perishable products at the preferred temperature. These compartments are also used for transporting other products that need to be kept at a specific temperature or away from other products.
Registered Exporter System (REX) The Registered Exporter system (REX) was introduced by the European Union (EU) in 2009 to issue certificates of origin and other documents required for preferential treatment under EU trade arrangements. The European Commission manages the REX system and replaces the previous one managed by national authorities.
Return Sending back order after it has been delivered to the receiver is the act of making a return. Returns can be made for a variety of reasons, including repair, cancellation, complaint, or erroneous delivery.
Return Delivery Note A return delivery note is a document used to track the return of goods from a customer. This document includes the return date, the customer’s name and address, the returned items, and the reason for the return. The customer must sign the return delivery note to be valid.
Reusable Pallet A reusable pallet is a pallet that is designed to be used more than once. These pallets are typically made from durable materials such as steel or plastic and can be used for various applications.
Reverse Logistics Reverse logistics is the process of returning goods and materials back to the manufacturer or supplier.
RFID RFID stands for radio frequency identification. RFID is a system that uses radio waves to identify and track objects.
Road Freight Road freight is the term used to describe the transportation of goods by road. This can be either in the form of a truck or a van. Road freight is a popular choice for businesses as it is a relatively cheap and efficient way to transport goods.
Road Traffic Regulations Road traffic regulations are the rules and laws that govern the use of roads and highways. These regulations vary from country to country but typically include rules about speed limits, turning, passing, parking, and yield signs.
Road Transport Road transport is a transport method that uses roads to move goods or people. It is a type of transport widely used worldwide, and it can be either public or private. Many types of road transport include cars, buses, trucks, motorcycles, and bicycles. Road transport is a very efficient way to move large numbers of people or goods over long distances.
Roadside The meaning of roadside is the edge of a road or path.
Roll On / Roll Off Roll-on/roll-off (RORO or ro-ro) ships are vessels made to transport wheeled goods, including automobiles, trucks, trailers, and train wagons, which are pushed onto and off of the ship using just their own wheels or a platform vehicle like a forklift.
Routing Routing is selecting the specific path a product or shipment will take from its origin to its destination. A routing guide is a document that provides instructions and criteria for routing shipments.

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