Shipping to Algeria

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Ocean Freight to Algeria

Algeria is a significant trading center and one of the most important countries in North Africa, regarding shipping to Algeria. After Sudan’s disintegration in 2011, it is also the biggest nation in the Mediterranean area. Algiers, the capital and largest city in the nation, is located on the Coastline.

Algeria’s foreign commerce is primarily reliant on energy products (hydrocarbon resources, petroleum, allied products, etc.), which account for more than 90% of the country’s overall exports.

Due to the existence of the Mediterranean Sea, sea shipping accounts for 95 percent of Algerian international commerce. Northern Algeria is known for its fishing, with 35 ports operating as fishing ports and 13 acting as commercial ports for international trade.

Algeria has a total load capacity of 673,000 DWT, with total marine ownership of 1176 DWT (till 2020). This includes oil tankers, bulk carriers, general cargo ships, cargo vessels, and other smaller freight carriers. The overall container port throughput (the annual number of container ships handled) is 1,080,000 TEU.

According to the Economic Complexity Index, Algeria was the number 56 country worldwide in terms of GDP, number 71 in exports, number 62 in imports, number 131 in GDP per capita, and the number 112 most complicated economy in the world in 2020.

Algeria’s biggest exports are petroleum gas, crude, and refined petroleum, fertilizers, and ammonium, which are mostly shipped to Italy, France, Spain, China, and South Korea.

Wheat, Concentrated Milk, Medical supplies, Corn, and Raw Sugar are Algeria’s leading imports, with China, France, Spain, Italy, and Germany accounting for the majority of them.

Import to Algeria from UAE
Export from Algeria to UAE
FCL & LCL Sea Shipping to Algeria

FCL stands for ‘Full Container Load,’ and it refers to a container that is only used by one consignee. In international shipping, an FCL refers to a single container reserved only for the transportation of the shipper’s goods. The shipper is not required to share the container with other shippers’ cargo. This improves cargo safety and streamlines the management of ocean freight transportation.

Less than Container Load, or LCL, is used when the exporter does not need to book a full container since the goods do not require that much room. An LCL container is used for smaller shipments that need to be shipped cheaply and in a time-sensitive way.

Major Sea Ports in Algeria
01 -
Alger Port

The port of Alger is one of Algeria’s major deep-water ports. The Port of Alger’s water channel is 22.9 meters deep, and the cargo dock is 7.6 meters long. It extends over 10 kilometers along the Bay of Algiers, constructed on the slopes of the Sahel mountains. Wahran, Tuggurt, Adrar, Algiers, and Medda are also major cities around the port.

Enterprise Portuaire d’ALGER (EPAL) manages and operates Alger’s port. The port first opened to commerce in 1998, and it saw 2200 vessel calls and 444, 621 TEUs in 2019.

The Main Storage Terminal spans 282 thousand square meters and can hold 120,000 metric tons of cargo.

02 -
Skikda Port

The Algerian port of Skikda is one of the country’s major oil-exporting ports. Oil from this port is transported and shipped all over the world. The port of Safsaf manages export and imports in the surrounding Safsaf Valley and acts as a hub for Eastern and Southern Algeria.

Aside from energy products, the port handles metallurgical exports and imports, grain imports, big machinery, packaged miscellaneous commodities, and so on.

Enterprise Portuaire d’SKIKDA manages the port, which first opened to trade in 1982. The new port opened in 2014 and has been managing international oil shipments since then. Infrastructure for oil pipelines and refineries, on the other hand, has been in hand since the 1970s.

03 -
Arzew Port

SERPORT is the only owner and operator of the port of Arzew El-Djedid, as well as the port of Bethioua. The ports are largely responsible for Algeria’s hydrocarbon shipments. The Arzew Port Company was created in 1982, went public in 1989, and has been entirely controlled by the Algerian government since then.

The port’s 10.4-meter channel depth is appropriate for oil tankers and large container ships. The oil terminal is 10.4 meters deep, while the freight pier is 7.6 meters deep.

The largest vessel that can be accommodated at the port is 500 feet in length. The port has fixed cranes with capacities ranging from 24 to 49 MT, and yearly traffic is estimated to be over 3000 boats and roughly 67 million MT of cargo.

03 -
Oran Port

The port of Oran (also known as the Port of Wahran) is located in Oran’s coastal city. It is a connecting port between Morocco and the rest of the Mediterranean area, located in Western Alegria. Since the 1960s, Oran has been a key economic and industrial center for the country.

Enterprise Portuaire d’Oran operates and manages the port, which is coordinated by the Port Services Group and the Ministry of Public Works and Transport. In 2019, the port handled 278,342 TEUs on a yearly basis. It features a total of 16 dockside cranes with a capacity of 212 MT apiece and 19 mobile cranes with a capacity of 480 MT. The port’s waterway is 10 meters deep, the cargo pier is 4.6 meters deep, and the oil terminal is 10.6 meters deep.

Because it is located on the North-South Maritime Highway, the port of Oran handles a lot of imports and grains. Due to its closeness to Morocco and Spain, it is able to facilitate considerable trade between Europe and Africa.

Group 214 -
Shipping cargo: Algeria <--> UAE

The economic relationship between Algeria and the UAE has been growing in recent years, with trade between the two countries reaching $5.4 billion in 2016. This growth is due to a number of factors, including the increasing oil and gas production in Algeria and the development of new industries in the UAE. The two countries have also signed a number of agreements to increase trade and investment, which are yielding results. The future of the Algeria–UAE economic relationship looks promising, with both countries committed to furthering cooperation. The UAE is already one of Algeria‘s biggest trading partners, and this is likely to continue as the two countries work together to develop their respective economies.

In 2018, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) was Algeria’s second–largest trading partner with a total trade volume of US$12.4 billion. UAE exports to Algeria totaled US$8.1 billion, while imports from Algeria amounted to US$4.3 billion. The bilateral trade balance surplus in favor of the UAE was US$3.8 billion in 2018 The top exports of the UAE to Algeria include petroleum gases, unwrought aluminum, gold, and fertilizers while the main Algerian exports to the UAE are crude petroleum, iron ore, and Polyethylene terephthalate.

Market Update 2022

In 2022, Algeria and the UAE will continue to trade heavily in oil, gas, and minerals. However, they will also begin to trade more extensively in agricultural products and manufactured goods. This increased trade will be due to the continued growth of both countries‘ economies and the normalization of relations between them.

Algeria and the UAE have been major trading partners for many years, with their trade totaling $13.5 billion in 2015. The UAE is Algeria‘s second–largest trading partner after Italy, and Algerian exports to the UAE totaled $8.4 billion in 2015. The two countries‘ economies are both growing rapidly, with Algeria‘s GDP expected to grow by 4% in 2016 and the UAE‘s GDP expected to grow by 3%. This growth will provide increased opportunities for trade between the two countries.

Banned Products

Algeria has banned the import of several products in an effort to improve its trade balance and protect domestic industries. The products banned from import include textiles, clothing, footwear, and certain electronic goods. Algeria argues that these imports contribute to a trade deficit and negatively impact local production. The ban is likely to increase prices for consumers and reduce competition in the domestic market.

Documents & Customs Clearance

Cargo customs clearance is the process of officially declaring goods to Customs Authorities. The purpose is to ensure that correct duties are paid, that statistical information is gathered, and that any prohibitions or restrictions on the import or export of goods are adhered to. In Algeria, this process must be completed before goods can be imported or exported.

The first step in cargo clearance is to obtain a customs declaration form from the Customs Authorities. This form must be completed and submitted, along with any other required documents, before goods can be cleared. It is important to accurately declare all goods, as false declarations may result in penalties.

Next, the customs authorities will appraise the goods declared on the form. They will determine the classification of the goods and assign a value to them. Based on this information, duties and taxes will be calculated. Once everything has been paid, a Customs Release Order will be issued and the goods can finally be cleared for import or export.

Rules & Regulations

The Algerian government has strict regulations on what can and cannot be imported into the country, so it’s important to check that your shipment is allowed before sending it.

The Algerian government requires that all ships entering its waters have valid registration and insurance documents. In addition to these documents, ships must also submit a detailed manifest of all cargo on board prior to arrival. All goods imported into Algeria are subject to duty and tariff charges based on the value of the goods declared at the port of entry.

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