Shipping to Russia

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Ocean Freight to Russia

Russia is a large country, covering more than 17 million square kilometers and easily ranking as the world’s largest country. It runs from Europe to Asia, including attractive cities (such as Moscow and St Petersburg) and breathtaking scenery (such as the Altai Mountains and Lake Baikal). Russia has a population of about 140 million people, the majority of whom live in the country’s western regions.

According to the Economic Complexity Index, Russia was the world’s number 11 economy in terms of GDP, number 13 in total exports in 2020.
Cars, Car Parts, Television broadcast Equipment, Medical supplies, and Computers are Russia’s top imports, with China, Netherlands, Germany, Belarus, South Korea, and Italy accounting for the majority.
Crude and refined petroleum, petroleum gas, gold, and coal are Russia’s top exports, with the majority going to China, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Belarus, and Germany.

Before the invasion of its neighbor Ukraine and Western sanctions, Russia’s exports increased by 72 percent year over year to USD 45.93 billion in January 2022.  In March, in reaction to Western sanctions for invading Ukraine, Russia put an export restriction on more than 200 items, including telecommunications, medical, automobile, agricultural, and electrical equipment, that will last until the end of 2022.

FCL or LCL Sea Shipping to Russia

FCL stands for ‘Full Container Load,’ and it refers to a container that is only used by one consignee. In international shipping, an FCL refers to a single container reserved only for the transportation of the shipper’s goods. The shipper is not required to share the container with other shippers’ cargo. This improves cargo safety and streamlines the management of ocean freight transportation.

Less than Container Load, or LCL, is used when the exporter does not need to book a full container since the goods do not require that much room. An LCL container is used for smaller shipments that need to be shipped cheaply and in a time-sensitive way.

Major Sea Ports in Russia
01 -
St. Petersburg Port

This port is also called the Big Port of St. Petersburg. It’s  St. Petersburg’s trading hub undoubtedly and Russia’s largest North-Western port, capable of processing 5 million twenty-foot unit equivalents yearly. Only the port of Primorsk, which is a an specialized oil and gas facility, handles more cargo in the region.

It is also one of the major ports on the Baltic Sea. The port, which is nestled in the Gulf of Finland’s Neva Bay, provides a valuable connection to Scandinavia, Europe, and beyond. It has excellent logistical support, including dedicated rail terminals, easy access to highways, and closeness to Pulkovo Airport.

This facility has a total mooring capacity of nearly 30 kilometers. This includes the facility’s operational capacity of more than 200 berths of various sizes.

Over 450 ships sail through St. Petersburg‘s passenger terminal each year. There are a dozen berths in this port, with two large terminals.

02 -
Novorossiysk Port

Port of Novorossiysk is called the “Giant” port of Russia. The port, which is located on the Black Sea, is Russia’s most important grain export hub and its largest port overall.

On its 959 thousand square meter land, the Port of Novorossiysk has a total of 43 berths. The depths range from 4.5 to 24 meters. To keep freight controlled, 180 thousand square meters of open-air storage space is located near a 62.2 thousand square meters of closed facilities and warehouses.

In order to handle bulk cargoes, a total of 11 berths are available in this port. Container operations are handled by four different berths over a 570-meter dock length. The facility’s size allows for annual handling of 208 million MT of cargo.

03 -
Ust-Luga Port

In terms of cargo handling volume for 2020, Ust-Luga is the biggest after Novorossiysk. It contains the largest coal bulk operations handling facility in the north of Russia. Additional development plans will give this facility a total size of 30 square kilometers.

Ust-Luga has five major berths that operate year-round, even in severe environments. These berths can handle up to 30 boats at once and have anchorage depths of over 20 meters.

Ust-Luga is also in charge of livestock, liquids, and general cargoes. For 2020, the total freight operations are estimated to be valued 102.6 million MT. The conveyor system is supported by two mega cranes, one with a capacity of 104 MT and the other with a capacity of 80 MT.

04 -
Vostochny (Nakhodka) Port

The port of Vostochny has two large terminals with an 80 million MT handling capacity. The plant export volume was worth 77 million MT in 2020.  Coal loading takes handled at a specific coal port in the internodal structure.
In 2020, around 600 vessel arrived at this port, the majority of which were bulk carriers of various types. For bulk coal operations, the facility can accept vessels up to 1,80,000 MT DWT. The handling capacity of the phase 3 of this port will exceed 100 million MT as the project progresses. As a consequence, the facility’s net income will be around 125 million USD every year.

Group 214 -
Shipping cargo: Russia <--> UAE

Since the 1990s, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) has been one of the top destinations for Russian exports, especially energy exports. In recent years, the UAE has become an increasingly important market for Russian businesses, with trade between the two countries totaling $5.4 billion in 2016. The UAE is also a major investor in the Russian economy, with UAE businesses investing $2.2 billion in Russia in 2016. The close trade relationship between the UAE and Russia is due to a number of factors, including the UAE‘s large imports of Russian energy products, the UAE‘s status as a major hub for Russian businesses, and the UAE‘s investment in the Russian economy.

Market Update 2022

In recent years, the trade relationship between Russia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) has grown significantly. In 2021, trade between the two countries is expected to reach $25 billion. This figure is expected to grow to $30 billion by 2022. The UAE is one of Russia‘s key partners in the Middle East, and the two countries have worked closely together to develop their trade relationship. The UAE is a major market for Russian exports, and the two countries have cooperation agreements in place to facilitate trade. In addition, the UAE has invested heavily in Russia‘s economy, and the two countries have strong economic ties.

Banned Products

There is a list of banned products that are not allowed to be imported into Russia. This includes products such as food, alcohol, tobacco, weapons, and drugs. There are also some items that are restricted, such as live animals and plants. If you are caught trying to import any of these banned products, you could face serious consequences.

Documents & Customs Clearance

Cargo customs clearance in Russia is a process that is overseen by the Federal Customs Service. This process is in place to ensure that all imported goods are properly declared and taxed. The process can be complex, but it is essential for ensuring that goods are imported legally and that the Russian government receives the proper revenue from import taxes.

There are a number of documents that must be submitted in order to clear customs, including a declaration form, a bill of lading, and an invoice. The customs process can be completed online, but it is also possible to do it in person at a customs office.

Once all of the required documents have been submitted, the customs process can take anywhere from a few hours to a few days. Once the goods have been cleared, they can be released and delivered to the importer.

Rules & Regulations

In order to ship to Russia in 2022, there are a few things to keep in mind. All shipments must be sent through a registered shipping company and must include all required documentation. The sender is responsible for ensuring that the shipment arrives safely and on time. All shipments must be insured for their full value. Russia has strict regulations regarding the import of certain items, so it is important to check with the relevant authorities before shipping anything. It is also important to be aware of any potential customs fees or duties that may apply to your shipment.

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